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Copyright: Public Domain

Copyright procedures & guidelines at University of Pretoria, Department of Library Services.

Public Domain

Creative materials that are "public domain" are those that are not protected by intellectual property laws, such as copyright, trademark, or patent laws. These works are owned by the public, not a specific author or artist. 

No one can ever own a public domain work, but anyone can use it without obtaining permission.


Acknowledgement is given to the Creative Commons Organization