Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Theology: Spirituality: Online

This subject guide offers resources and library services on the study of Spirituality. Please evaluate material on web sites critical and use peer reviewed, scholarly information.

Bible Translations

Academic Bible - Old Testament Text


Additional Information: Types of translations

There are two methods that scholars use to translate the Bible.  Most of the translations are a mixture of the two:

Formal equivalence:  means a word-for-word translation

Dynamic equivalence: a thought-for-thought translation

Additional Information: Research Tools for Bible Study